Acne is a common skin condition characterized by the appearance of pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. It can occur on the face, neck, chest, and back.
There are several types of acne, including:
- Whiteheads: closed pores that are filled with oil and dead skin cells.
- Blackheads: open pores that are filled with oil and dead skin cells and are dark in color.
- Papules: small, red, and tender bumps.
- Pustules: similar to papules but with visible pus at the top.
- Nodules: large, solid, and painful lumps that develop deep within the skin.
- Cysts: large, fluid-filled lumps that can cause severe pain and scarring.
The main causes of acne are:
- Hormonal changes that can increase oil production in the skin
- Bacteria trapped in pores
- Dead skin cells that clog pores
- Use of certain products that can aggravate the skin
Symptoms of acne include:
- Pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads
- Redness and inflammation of the skin
- Scars or dark spots left by the healing of pimples
Diagnosis of acne is typically made by a physical examination of the skin, and it usually doesn’t require any additional testing.
Treatment for acne can include:
- Over-the-counter topical creams, gels or lotions that contain ingredients like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid
- Prescription topical creams or oral medications
- Light therapy or chemical peels
- Lifestyle changes, such as avoiding certain foods and keeping the skin clean
- Consultation with a dermatologist, especially in cases of severe or persistent acne.
It is important to note that it can take time for treatment to be effective and that some treatments may have side effects. Consult with a dermatologist for personalized treatment plan.
To learn more about acne please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/acne/
For examination and treatment, please book an appointment with our dermatologists.
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych