Anxiolytics are medications that are used to treat symptoms of anxiety and anxiety disorders. They work by altering the levels of certain chemicals in the brain that affect mood and emotions. There are different types of anxiolytics, including benzodiazepines and non-benzodiazepines.
Indications for anxiolytics are primarily anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder. They can also be used to treat symptoms of acute stress and as a short-term treatment for insomnia.
Common side effects of anxiolytics can include drowsiness, dizziness, and memory problems. Long-term use can lead to physical dependence, withdrawal symptoms and tolerance which means that over time, the patient may need higher doses to achieve the same effect.
Precautions when taking anxiolytics include informing your doctor of any other medications you are taking, as they can interact with other medications. They should also be used with caution in elderly patients or those with lung or liver disease. It's also important to note that anxiolytics should only be used short-term and under the guidance of a medical professional to avoid dependence and withdrawal. If you experience severe side effects or withdrawal symptoms, contact your doctor immediately.