Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and fingers. This happens due to the compression of the median nerve, which runs from the forearm through a narrow passageway in the wrist called the carpal tunnel. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including repetitive motions, injury, or certain medical conditions.
Symptoms of CTS can include:
- Pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and fingers, especially the thumb, index, and middle fingers
- Weakness in the hand and fingers
- Tingling or numbness that may extend up the arm
- Increased pain and tingling at night
- Difficulty gripping objects
Diagnosis of CTS is typically made by a physical examination, an evaluation of medical history and a test called electromyography (EMG) may be done to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment for CTS will depend on the severity of the symptoms and can include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation
- Splinting or bracing to help rest the affected hand and wrist
- Physical therapy to help improve strength and flexibility
- Steroid injections to reduce inflammation
- Surgery to release the pressure on the median nerve if other treatments are not effective
It is important to note that CTS can be caused by many different factors, and it’s crucial to determine the underlying cause in order to provide effective treatment. Additionally, preventative measures such as ergonomic adjustments, taking breaks during repetitive motions and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help prevent CTS from developing.
To discuss examination and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about cysts, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/carpal-tunnel-syndrome/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych