Cataract occurs when the normally clear lens becomes cloudy. In the case of cataracts, seeing through cloudy lenses is like looking through a frosty or fogged-up window. Having cataracts can make reading, driving, and recognizing friends’ facial expressions more challenging.
In most cases, cataracts develop slowly and do not affect your vision until later on in their development. As cataracts progress, your vision will eventually become impaired.
The use of stronger lighting and eyeglasses can help you cope with cataracts. However, cataract surgery might be necessary if your vision becomes impaired. The majority of cataract surgeries are safe and effective.
Cataracts are characterized by the following signs and symptoms:
- Visual impairments such as cloudy, blurry, or dim vision
- Night vision becoming more difficult
- An increase in sensitivity to light and glare
- The need for brighter lighting for reading and other activities
- The appearance of “halos” around lights
- Frequently changing prescriptions for glasses or contacts
- A yellowing or fading of the colors
- Single-eyed double vision
Cataracts cause cloudy vision in the eye, so you may not realize that you have any vision issues. Your lens becomes cloudier and more distorted as the cataract grows larger. As a result, symptoms may become more apparent.
Consult an eye doctor if your vision changes. In the event that you experience sudden vision changes, including flashes of light, double vision, or eye pain, call your doctor as soon as possible.
To discuss examination and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about cataracts, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/cataracts/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych