It is a disease where you have high blood sugar or blood glucose levels. Glucose is a sugar that comes from food. In order to give energy to your cells, insulin helps glucose enter your cells. Type 1 diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes, which is the most common type, insulin cannot be made or used effectively by your body. When you do not have enough insulin, glucose remains in your blood. Prediabetes is also possible. In other words, your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Prediabetes increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
When your blood glucose level is too high, it can cause serious health problems over time. Your eyes, kidneys, and nerves can be damaged by it. Heart disease, stroke, and even the need to remove a limb can also be caused by diabetes. Diabetic conditions can also happen to pregnant women, termed gestational diabetes.
Diabetes can be detected by blood tests. Tests like the A1C can also assess your diabetes management. Controlling diabetes can be achieved through exercise, weight loss, and adhering to a meal plan. It is also critical to monitor your blood glucose levels and to take medication if needed.
To discuss diagnosis and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about Diabetes, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diabetes/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych