Brain inflammation is encephalitis. Infections caused by viruses are most common, but bacteria can also cause them. There are mild and severe forms of it. The majority of cases are mild. Your symptoms may be similar to those of the flu. Rest, fluids, and painkillers may be all you need for a mild case.
In severe cases, immediate treatment is necessary. Severe cases are characterized by:
- Headache that is unbearable
- Intense fever
- Feeling drowsy
- Experiencing nausea
- Additionally, babies may develop constant crying, poor feeding, body stiffness, and bulges around their skulls.
If the case is severe, the patient may need to stay in the hospital. Treatment involves both oral and intravenous (IV) medications to reduce inflammation and treat infection. Artificial respiration may be necessary for patients with breathing difficulties. Depending on how well the illness is controlled, some people might require physical, speech, and occupational therapy.
To discuss diagnosis and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about encephalitis, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/encephalitis/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych