Gastritis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
There are several types of gastritis, including:
- Acute gastritis: a sudden onset of inflammation that can be caused by injury or infection
- Chronic gastritis: a long-term inflammation of the stomach lining that can be caused by a variety of factors such as H. pylori infection, long-term use of anti-inflammatory medication, autoimmune disorders, or excessive alcohol consumption.
- Erosive gastritis: a type of gastritis that causes breaks and erosions in the stomach lining.
The common causes of gastritis include:
- Bacterial infection (H. pylori)
- Long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Autoimmune disorders
- Trauma or injury to the stomach
Symptoms of gastritis can include stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, bloating, and loss of appetite.
Diagnosis of gastritis typically involves a physical examination, blood tests and a stool test for H. pylori.
Treatment for gastritis depends on the underlying cause and can include antibiotics to clear a H. pylori infection, medications to reduce stomach acid, and changes to your diet and lifestyle. In some cases, surgery may be required in severe cases.
It’s important to note that gastritis can be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition, so it’s important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have gastritis.
In the event of severe pain, vomiting, or feeling light-headed or dizzy, Call 999 or attend nearest A/E.
Taking aspirin or other pain relievers can cause stomach discomfort. Consult your doctor if you experience this problem.
It is very critical that you consult your doctor immediately if you are vomiting blood, if you have blood in your stools or if your stools look black.
To discuss diagnosis and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about gastritis, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/gastritis/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych