Jaundice is a condition characterized by a yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes. The yellow color comes from a buildup of a substance called bilirubin in the body.
There are several types of jaundice, each with different causes:
- Hemolytic jaundice: caused by the breakdown of red blood cells.
- Hepatocellular jaundice: caused by liver damage or dysfunction.
- Obstructive jaundice: caused by a blockage in the bile ducts.
Other types of jaundice include neonatal jaundice, which occurs in newborns, and drug-induced jaundice, which occurs as a side effect of certain medications.
Symptoms of jaundice include yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, dark urine, and light-colored stools. Some people may also experience itching, fatigue, and abdominal pain.
Diagnosis of jaundice typically involves a physical examination and blood tests to measure bilirubin levels and check for other signs of liver disease. Additional tests such as imaging studies and liver function tests may also be needed to determine the underlying cause of the jaundice.
Treatment for jaundice depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, procedures to remove blockages in the bile ducts, or surgery in severe cases.
It’s important to note that jaundice can be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition, so it’s important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have jaundice.
To discuss diagnosis and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about jaundice, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/jaundice/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych