An autoimmune disease of the nervous system, multiple sclerosis (MS) affects your brain and spinal cord. In short, it damages the myelin sheath, which surrounds and protects nerve cells. As a result of this damage, messages between your brain and body are slowed down or blocked.
These symptoms include:
- Disturbances in vision
- Weakness in muscles
- Coordination and balance problems
- Feelings like numbness, prickling, or “pins and needles”
- Problems with thinking and memory
There is no known cause of MS. It is thought to be an autoimmune disease, in which your immune system attacks healthy body cells.
Women are more likely to suffer from multiple sclerosis than men. The typical onset age is between 20 and 40 years old. Usually, the disease is mild, but some people will have difficulty writing, speaking, or walking.
MRIs, physical exams, neurological exams, and medical histories are used to diagnose MS. The symptoms of MS can be controlled with medicines, but there is no cure. Additionally, physical therapy and occupational therapy may be helpful.
To discuss diagnosis and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about MS, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/multiple-sclerosis/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych