The pancreas is a large gland located behind the stomach. This gland secretes digestive juices into the small intestine via the pancreatic duct and releases insulin and glucagon hormones into the bloodstream.
Inflammation of the pancreas is called pancreatitis. As a result, digestive enzymes begin digesting the pancreas itself. Chronic pancreatitis and acute pancreatitis are both possible. Complications can occur in either case.
In most cases, acute pancreatitis disappears in a few days as a result of treatment. Gallstones are often to blame. Upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting are common symptoms. In most cases, intravenous fluids, antibiotics, and painkillers are administered in the hospital for a few days.
In chronic pancreatitis, there is no improvement or healing. As the condition worsens, permanent damage occurs.
It is most commonly caused by heavy alcohol consumption. Some medicines, cystic fibrosis, high calcium or fat levels in the blood, and autoimmune conditions are other causes. Nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and oily stools are some of the symptoms. In addition to intravenous (IV) fluids, pain medications, and nutritional support, patients may need to stay in the hospital for a few days. It may be necessary for you to start taking enzyme supplements and follow a special diet after that. Smoking and drinking alcohol should also be avoided.
To discuss diagnosis and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about pancreatitis, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/acute-pancreatitis/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych