Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a condition where one or more of the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, rectum, or small intestine) drop down from their normal position and press against the walls of the vagina.
There are several types of pelvic organ prolapse, including:
- Cystocele: prolapse of the bladder
- Uterine prolapse: prolapse of the uterus
- Rectocele: prolapse of the rectum
- Enterocele: prolapse of the small intestine
POP can be caused by factors such as pregnancy and childbirth, menopause, obesity, and chronic coughing or constipation. Some medical conditions such as hysterectomy and pelvic surgeries also can lead to POP.
Symptoms of POP include feeling a bulge or pressure in the vagina, difficulty urinating or having bowel movements, and lower back pain.
Diagnosis of POP typically involves a physical examination and may include pelvic imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI.
Treatment for POP depends on the severity of the condition and may include things such as pelvic floor physical therapy, pessaries (a device inserted into the vagina to support the pelvic organs), and surgery to repair the prolapse. In some cases, lifestyle changes such as weight loss, quitting smoking and avoiding heavy lifting may be recommended.
It’s important to note that POP can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life, so it’s important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have POP.
To discuss diagnosis and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about POP, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pelvic-organ-prolapse/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych