A small bowel enteroscopy allows a physician to navigate the entire small bowel from either an oral or rectal approach, enabling them to perform both diagnostic and therapeutic techniques within the small bowel without the need of an open surgical procedure. It is generally used for investigating suspected small intestinal bleeding in persons with objective evidence of recurrent, obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (e.g., iron-deficiency anemia, positive fecal occult blood test or visible bleeding), who have had upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopies that have failed to identify a bleeding source. It also is used for initial diagnosis in persons suspected to have Crohn’s disease (abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, elevated white blood cell count, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, weight loss or bleeding) and for treating patients with gastrointestinal bleeding when the small intestine has been identified as the source of bleeding.
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To learn more, please click on https://www.leedsth.nhs.uk/a-z-of-services/endoscopy/about-your-procedure/small-bowel-enteroscopy/