Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disease that causes inflammation and sores in the rectum and colon. The disease belongs to the class of diseases known as inflammatory bowel disease, like Crohn`s Disease.
The onset of UC can occur at any age, but it typically occurs between the ages of 15 and 30. In most cases, it runs in families. It is most associated with abdominal pain and diarrhoea with blood or pus.
The following symptoms may also occur:
- Having anaemia
- Fatigue and exhaustion
- Loss of weight
- Appetite loss
- Rectal bleeding
- Skin sores
- Having joint pain
- Failure to grow in children
In about half of all cases of UC, mild symptoms are present.
UC is diagnosed by blood tests, stool tests, a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy, and imaging tests.
There are a number of medications that can help control it. Many people have long periods of remission (symptom-free periods). The colon may need to be removed in severe cases.
To discuss diagnosis and treatment options, please book an appointment with our specialist.
To learn more about ulcerative colitis, please click on https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ulcerative-colitis/
Dr Ibrahim Yahli MD MRCPsych